ETF stands for Exchange-traded funds is a type of investment fund that offers the best attributes of two popular assets.

An exchange-traded fund, called ETF, is a fund that can be traded on an exchange a stock, which means these stocks can be bought and sold throughout the day. ETFs often have lower fees than other types of funds. 

How do ETFs work?

The fund provider owns the assets, made a fund to track their performance, and then sells shares in that fund to investors. 

Shareholders own a portion of an ETF, but they don’t own the assets in the fund. Investors in an ETF that tracks a stock index may get payments, or reinvestments, for the stocks that build up their index.

ETFs are designed in such a way to track the value of an underlying asset or index they trade at market-determined prices that usually differ from that asset. Moreover, things like expenses, longer-term returns for an ETF will change from those of its underlying asset.

ETFs vs. mutual funds

ETFs have lower fees than mutual funds and this is a big advantage of their appeal. 

ETFs also offer tax-efficiency advantages to investors. But in ETF there is more turnover within a mutual fund related to an ETF, and such buying and selling can result in capital gains. 

Similarly, when investors want to sell their mutual fund, the manager will need to raise cash by selling securities, which also help to get capital gains. 

ETFs are being popular, compare with mutual funds its number is still is higher. The two products also have different management structures.

ETFs vs. stocks

ETFs can be traded on exchanges and have unique ticker symbols that let allow you to track the price activity. Unlike stocks, ETFs represent a basket of stocks. 

Since ETFs are comprised of multiple assets, they may provide better diversification than a single stock. 

ETF pros and cons

Pros of ETF investments:


When we talk about Diversification in the sense of the broad market verticals stocks, bonds, or a particular commodity. It requires a lot of money and effort to buy all the components of a basket, but an ETF delivers those benefits to your portfolio in just one click.


Anyone having internet access can search the price activity for a particular ETF on an exchange. 

Tax benefits: 

Investors are taxed only upon selling the investment.

Cons of ETF investment:

Trading costs: 

ETF costs do not end with some expense ratio. Because ETFs are exchange-traded, they come with commission fees from online brokers. Some brokers have decided to make their ETF commissions to zero, but not all have.

Potential liquidity issues: 

Along with any security, you’ll be at the peak of the current market prices when it comes time to sell, but ETFs that not be traded as frequently can be harder to sell.

Risk the ETF will close: 

It is one of the major reasons because the fund hasn’t brought in enough assets to cover administrative costs. The biggest disadvantage of a shuttered ETF is that investors need to sell sooner than they wanted to and possibly suffer losses. 

How to invest in ETFs

There are many ways to invest in ETFs. For hands-on investors, investing in ETFs is few clicks away. These assets offer among the online brokers, though the number of offerings will change by broker.