Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a scheme that has the potential to change the dynamics of rural areas. The announcement of the SVAMITVA scheme is done on Panchayati Raj Day.

This scheme focuses to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India.

The objective of the scheme

According to the Panchayati raj ministry, SVAMITVA known as Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas, is introduced for surveying the land parcels in rural inhabited areas which uses drone technology and Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS).

This scheme will bring financial stability to people who are living in rural areas by providing them with various ways to use their property as financial assets for availing of loans and other financial benefits. It will also focus on the creation of accurate land records for rural planning and predicting the property tax.

With the SVAMITVA scheme, the government assumes that property disputes and legal cases will be reduced.

The scheme targets to achieve

  1. To bring financial stability to the people living in rural India by providing them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and availing other financial benefits.
  2. Maintaining accurate land records for rural planning.
  3. Introduced new survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be avail by any department for their use.
  4. To support them in making the better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by using GIS maps.
  5. To reduce property related disputes and legal cases between the people.

How will the scheme help the rural people?

  1. The output from the scheme will include updating the record of rights in the revenue/property registers and issue property cards to the property owners. 
  2. This would help in facilitating the monetisation of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services. Also, this would pave the way for a clear determination of property tax.
  3. This scheme will also open the door for the updation of property and asset registers to strengthen the tax collection and demand assessment process of gram panchayats.
  4. Other gram panchayats and community assets like village roads, ponds, canals, open spaces, schools, Anganwadi, health sub-centres etc will also be surveyed and GIS maps will be created. These maps can be used to prepare better quality gram panchayat development plans.

Features Of Svamitva Scheme

  1. It is launched to maintain records of land ownership in rural areas by using modern technology. Since many people in the rural areas don’t have registered papers to prove ownership of the lands and survey of such areas in the villages is not done for the verification of properties, so that’s why this scheme was introduced.
  2. The main goal of this scheme is to reduce and resolve property-related cases in rural India by providing ownership rights to the people in the villages. Property cards for every property monitored and surveyed in the village will be prepared and given to the property owners, which will verify by the Land Revenue Records Department. The villagers can obtain access to bank finance using their property cards as collateral as these cards serve as an official document.
  3. With the help of the latest technology of drones to measure and monitor the lands, a digital map is drawn of every property, and the boundaries of lands are created for every revenue area. These GIS maps can be verified and used by all the departments of the government. Under this scheme, a better quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) is prepared by making use of GIS maps.
  4. eGram Swaraj mobile app is also launched, which provides an interactive platform to the government and the people for viewing the data on the planning, accounting and monitoring needs of the Panchayats in the country. This app and egram swaraj portal will have all the reports and progress status of the activities undertaken and completed by the government in this scheme.

Svamitva Yojana Eligibility Criteria

  1. The eligible rural people will be given ownership records of the property which will be considered as proof of they are owning the lands. 
  2. Rural people who are using populated land on or after 25 September 2018 will be allotted that specific land for which they will be eligible to get the land ownership records. 
  3. The villagers will be provided with ownership certificates and ownership records of possession of their property. 
  4. The applicant who wants to get the ownership of land records must have the Aadhar card along with the mobile number linked with Aadhar.


About 6.62 lakh villages in the country will be initially covered in the SVAMITVA scheme. The first phase will cover six states – Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand covering approximately one lakh villages.